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Ventilation equipment

There are different types of ventilation equipment. Your healthcare professional will select the most effective equipment for your condition and lifestyle.

How does the ventilator work?

The ventilator works when connected to the mains electricity supply. When the machine is turned on it sucks air from the room around you and pushes it through a tube. This tube is then connected to your mask.

There are two types of mask:

  • Nasal mask – this covers your nose.
  • Full mask – this covers both your nose and mouth.

Whichever type of mask you have it needs to fit snugly to your face to make sure that the air pressure is correct and you are breathing in the right amount of oxygen. The mask can feel a little strange at first but it is really important that it fits properly and you coordinate your breathing with the air pressure of the ventilator machine. 

Your healthcare professional will spend time with you to decide which is the most suitable type of mask for you.

The majority of BiPAPTM machine users, use their machine at night when they are sleeping.

The BiPAPTMmachine

The BiPAPTM machine consists of a pump that sucks air from the room through a filter and blows it out under pressure.

The machine provides two types of pressure:

  • A higher level for when you are breathing in.
  • A lower level for when you breathe out.

Flexible tubing

This tube allows the flow of air between the machine and the mask.
This will be provided by your technician and replaced annually or more frequently if required.


There are two types of mask available, the type you are provided with will depend on your preference as well as advice from your healthcare professional. The full face mask covers the nose and the mouth and helps to ensure you get the full benefit from the therapy almost immediately. This is particularly good if you breathe through your mouth. Some patients prefer a nasal mask, which only covers the nose.
Each mask is made of a soft, flexible cushioned material mounted on a frame with straps that go round the head and are designed to fit snugly on the face. It’s important that your mask fits properly to allow a
good seal and prevent leaks.

Your mask will be professionally fitted by a member of our staff. You will be shown how to put it on and take it off, to make sure you get a good fit and seal.



The straps on your mask, known as headgear, should be replaced when there are signs of a loss of tension.


Some people experience a sore nose, throat and mouth dryness and nasal congestion when using BiPAPTM. If you do, a humidifier can be added to your BiPAP machine.

This must be prescribed by your consultant.